Vitamin E - What You Need To Know
What is Vitamin E?
Vitamin E is the name of a group of eight fat-soluble vitamins known as tocopherols and tocotrienols.
Doctors may prescribe high doses of vitamin E for people who have digestive conditions that make it very difficult for them to absorb vitamin E, or to help treat tardive dyskinesia, a movement disorder.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant, meaning it helps prevent damage to cells and their DNA by neutralizing harmful molecules called free radicals.
Vitamin E Deficiency
Vitamin E deficiencies are extremely rare in humans, however, premature babies with very low birth weights (less than 1.5 grams) and people who have certain digestive problems are most likely to be at risk for a deficiency.
Signs and symptoms of vitamin E deficiency include numbness or tingling in the toes, feet, and hands; conditions affecting the retina of the eye; weakened immune system; and inability to control bodily movements.
Vitamin E-Rich Foods
Foods like nuts, seeds, and vegetable-based oils are some of the most common sources of vitamin E.
Wheat germ oil is one of the most potent food sources.
Sunflower seeds and peanuts, and the oils and butters made from these plants, provide large amounts of vitamin E.
Broccoli, tomatoes, spinach, kiwi, and mangoes are also rich in vitamin E.
Vitamin E for Skin, Hair, and Scars
Vitamin E - whether taken by mouth or applied to skin or hair - may have cosmetic benefits.
There are some claims that it may help heal small burns and diminish scars, except those caused by acne.
It might also soften skin and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, according to some anecdotal claims.
Vitamin E Warnings
You should not take vitamin E if you're allergic to it or any ingredient in the supplement.
If you have an iron or vitamin K deficiency or a blood clotting disorder due to low levels of Factor II (hypoprothrombinemia), ask your doctor if it's safe for you to take vitamin E.
Pregnancy and Vitamin E
Vitamin E is considered safe to use during pregnancy when taken as a dietary supplement at the doses recommended for your age and condition.
Vitamin E in high doses, however, may pose risks to an unborn baby.
You and your doctor should discuss whether the benefit of doses of vitamin E is worth the potential risk.
Doctors generally consider vitamin E safe to take while breastfeeding your baby.
Tell your doctor is your are pregnant, planning a pregnancy, or breastfeeding before taking a vitamin E supplement.
Vitamin E Side Effects
Common Side Effects of Vitamin E
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fatigue or weakness
- Blurry vision
- Problems with ovaries in females or testes in males
Serious Side Effects of Vitamin E
The most common serious side effect is bleeding.
In babies, vitamin E may cause a potentially life-threatening defect in the intestines called necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).
Vitamin E Interactions
Tell your doctor and pharmacist all the medications you're taking.
This includes prescriptions and over-the-counter (OTC) medications, vitamins and other dietary supplements (nutritional shakes, protein powders, etc.), herbal remedies, and illegal and recreational drugs.
If you're taking mineral oil, do not take vitamin E.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist about vitamin E if you're taking any of these drugs:
Also, remember that vitamin E can thin the blood, so be mindful if you're taking other supplements that may have a similar effect, such as fish oil or omega-3 fatty acids, ginseng, gingko biloba, garlic, or St. John's wort.
Vitamin E and Alcohol
Both vitamin E and alcohol increase the risk of bleeding, so avoid alcohol while taking vitamin E.
Vitamin E and Grapefruit Juice
Scientists do not know whether or not the liver processes vitamin E the same way it does grapefruit juice.
Avoid grapefruit or the juice while taking vitamin E.
Vitamin E Dosage
You can buy vitamin E capsules over-the-counter in doses of 100 international units (IU), 200 IU, 400 IU, 600 IU, and 1000 IU.
You can also find vitamin E oils in varying doses to apply to your skin and hair.
Your doctor will determine how much vitamin E you need to treat an illness or a deficiency.
You can read guidelines for how much vitamin E to take for your age, gender, and condition, on the (NIH) website.
The Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for men and women over 18 years old is 1,000 milligrams (mg) a day.
Vitamin E Overdose
If you think you have taken too much vitamin E, contact an emergency room at 911 or your local poison control center (800-222-1222) right away.
Missed Dose of Vitamin E
If you miss a dose of Vitamin E, try to take it as soon as you remember.
If it's almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time.
Don't double your dose.
Vitamin E FAQ
Q: Is it true that taking vitamin E is not as good as it was once thought to be?
A: Vitamin E is a generic term for tocopherols and tocotrienols. Vitamin E is a family of alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherols and corresponding four tocotrienols. Vitamin E, a fat-soluble vitamin, has recently been in the news due to the controversy on the amount recommended for health benefits. It is best known for its antioxidant properties. Antioxidants are compounds that protect the body from "free radicals," the by-products of energy metabolism that can damage cells and contribute to the development of diseases such as heart disease, cancer and Alzheimer's disease. The Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) for vitamin E is 15 milligrams a day. At this time, the American Heart Association discourages the use of high dose vitamin E supplements and promotes obtaining it from food sources. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates dietary supplements as foods, not as drugs. While pharmaceutical companies are required to obtain FDA approval proving the safety or efficacy of their products prior to market entry, dietary supplements, like food, do not need to be pre-approved by the FDA. In general, dietary supplements should only be taken under the supervision of your health care provider. For more specific information, consult with your pharmacist for guidance based on your specific condition and current medications. For more health information, visit everydayhealth.com and sign up for free newsletters.
Q: How much vitamin E is safe to take daily for an adult female?
A: Vitamin E is found in foods such as vegetable oils and shortening, meat, eggs, milk, and leafy vegetables. Vitamin E is important for many processes in the body. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin E for a female 14 years of age and older is 15 mg or 22.4 IU. Vitamin E supplementation is used to treat vitamin E deficiency. Taking too much vitamin E can be dangerous and cause toxic side effects. Symptoms of a vitamin E overdose may include fatigue, weakness, nausea, headache, blurred vision, flatulence and diarrhea. Seek emergency medical attention if you suspect you have taken too much vitamin E. Always read and follow the complete directions and warnings on over-the-counter products and discuss their use with your healthcare provider before taking them. You may also find helpful information at //www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/vitamin-e
Q: Should I take vitamin E 400 units?
A: Vitamin E is an antioxidant that protects cells in the body from being damaged by free radicals. Vitamin E is also important for the immune system and the body's metabolism. According to the National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements, most people get adequate vitamin E from the foods they eat. However, people with some disorders, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis, and Crohn's disease may need extra vitamin E. For people who take blood thinners and certain other medicines, vitamin E supplements may be harmful. Thus, the National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements, recommends that people check with their health care provider before taking vitamin E supplements. It is important for patients to consult with their physician or healthcare provider about any specific question regarding their medical conditions or medications; particularly before taking any action. Derek Dore, PharmD
Q: Should I stop vitamin E?
A: Vitamin E should be stopped if there are side effects or reactions to it and there is no other reason a physician has recommended taking it. Also if certain disease states develop especially a blood clot or other bleeding issues. It is difficult to answer the question without knowing the reason behind taking the vitamin E. Some people take vitamin E just as a supplement or because of a deficiency. Other people have taken vitamin E with the hopes to ward off cancer. If there are concerns about continuing vitamin E, consult with your physician. Kimberly Hotz, PharmD
Q: What is in Vitamin E(400 mg)?
A: According to the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements (), many claims have been made about the use of vitamin E for heart disease, cancer, eye disorders, and cognitive decline. The mechanisms by which vitamin E might provide an effect in these conditions include its function as an antioxidant and its roles in anti-inflammatory processes, inhibition of platelet aggregation, and immune enhancement. The available evidence from scientific studies fails to show a consistent effect for vitamin E in these conditions. Further research is needed to identify the role of vitamin E in the management of heart disease, cancer, eye disorders, and cognitive impairment. For more information on vitamin E, please consult with your healthcare practitioner and visit //www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/vitamins-meds.aspx. Michelle McDermott, PharmD
Q: What is the RDA of vitamin E for a woman over 50 years of age?
A: The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin E in women over 50 is 22.4 international units (IU) of the natural form and 33.3 IU of the synthetic form. Derek Dore, PharmD
Q: Is it important to take a vitamin E supplement?
A: That all depends on your situation. Some people are vitamin E deficient and they need to take supplements. Others use vitamin E for its potential to prevent and treat diseases, as well as increase overall health. Some current claims maintain that vitamin E effects heart disease, cancer, disorders of the eye, and memory loss. While supplements are considered beneficial, keep in mind that even over-the-counter products can interact with prescription medications and be detrimental. Taking a daily multivitamin should provide you with enough vitamin E for the daily recommended amount. If you think that taking vitamin E would be advantageous, make sure you talk with your doctor to see if he or she recommends it and what amount he or she recommends.
Q: Are there certain vitamins that shouldn't be taken together? I take a multivitamin, calcium, a C and E supplement, and a vitamin B supplement.
A: Of the vitamins you list, one concern is the vitamin E. Vitamin E is fat soluble and one should surpass the maximum recommended daily amount. Your multivitamin likely contains vitamin E, and then you are taking additional vitamin E. According to LexiComp, the upper limit of intake should not exceed 1,000 milligrams per day. To run an interaction report, you would have to provide all the vitamins that are in the particular multivitamin that you are taking. However, it appears that the vitamins you are taking in addition to your multivitamin are already available in the multivitamin. Please keep in mind that some vitamins can interact with prescription medication. As always, talk with your health care provider in regards to all vitamin supplements. Please follow this link for additional information regarding vitamins: //www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/vitamins-meds.aspx. Jennyfer Marisco, PharmD
Q: What is a safe amount of vitamin E to take daily?
A: Some studies have shown that vitamin E supplementation can potentially cause more problems than it helps. Unless your primary care provider or cardiologist has specifically recommended that you supplement your diet with vitamin E, I cannot recommend it at this time. Matt Curley, PharmD
Q: Does taking 400 units a day of vitamin E lower your life span?
A: Vitamin E has been shown in studies to cause a variety of misadventures when supplemented. I no longer recommend using vitamin E unless specifically requested by a physician or cardiologist. There is a chance that it will increase the odds of heart failure as well as playing a part in hemorrhagic stroke. Most people get more than enough from their diet. Matt Curley, PharmD
Q: What are the benefits of vitamin E? What are the side effects? When should we take it?
A: People used to take vitamin E in hopes of preventing heart disease, cancer, or Alzheimer?€™s. However, a study done in 2004 showed that vitamin E did not help prevent these diseases and that in high doses, greater than 400 international units (IUs), of vitamin E actually increased death rate. Large doses of vitamin E can also increase risk of bleeding. So it is no longer recommended to take large doses of vitamin E. The maximum recommended dose of vitamin E is 400 IU a day. It is okay to take a multivitamin that contains vitamin E, but doses beyond that may cause more harm than good. It can be safer to increase vitamin E intake through the diet. Foods that contain vitamin E include nuts, fortified cereals, and leafy green vegetables. Please see the following link for more information on vitamin E: //www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/vitamin-e. Laura Cable, PharmD
Q: How do you know what is the right amount to take of vitamins and supplements? What about vitamin E and the 50/50 split with doctors on whether we should even take it?
A: The use of vitamin supplements is a frequent topic of news reports and often the information is conflicting. It is important to understand that products sold as dietary or nutritional supplements in the United States do not undergo the same detailed testing that prescription drug products do to show that they are safe and effective. Supplement products can be marketed without any reliable scientific evidence of health benefits as long as the companies selling them do not claim the supplements can prevent, treat, or cure any specific disease. Concerns have also been raised with regard to manufacturing. Some supplement products may not contain the amount of the herb or substance that is written on the label, and some may include other substances (contaminants). In addition, most supplements have not been tested to find out if they interact with medicines, foods, or other herbs and supplements. Even though some reports of interactions and harmful effects may be published, full studies of interactions and effects are not often available. Because of these limitations, any information on ill effects and interactions below should be considered incomplete. Please consult with your healthcare provider who understands your full medical condition for more information about the use of vitamins and supplements. For more information, visit //www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/vitamins-meds.aspx and the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements (). Michelle McDermott, PharmD
Q: Why take vitamin E?
A: Vitamin E is important to good health, but doctors say that aside from the treatment of vitamin E deficiency, which is rare, there are no proven medicinal uses of vitamin E supplementation beyond the recommended daily allowance. There is, however, ongoing research concerned with numerous diseases, particularly cancer and heart disease. Please consult your health care provider for guidance in your specific case. Here is a link to more vitamin E info: //www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/vitamin-e. Gregory Latham, RPh
Q: I'm wondering about the combination of vitamins and supplements. How do you know what is the right amount to take of vitamins and supplements? There is a 50/50 split from doctors on whether we should take vitamin E. Do we need to take vitamin E?
A: The use of vitamin supplements is a frequent topic of news reports and often the information is conflicting. It is important to understand that products sold as dietary or nutritional supplements in the United States do not undergo the same detailed testing that prescription drug products do to show that they are safe and effective. Supplement products can be marketed without any reliable scientific evidence of health benefits as long as the companies selling them do not claim the supplements can prevent, treat, or cure any specific disease. Concerns have also been raised with regard to manufacturing. Some supplement products may not contain the amount of the herb or substance that is written on the label, and some may include other substances (contaminants). In addition, most supplements have not been tested to find out if they interact with medicines, foods, or other herbs and supplements. Even though some reports of interactions and harmful effects may be published, full studies of interactions and effects are not often available. Because of these limitations, any information on ill effects and interactions below should be considered incomplete. Please consult with your health care provider who understands your full medical condition for more information about the use of vitamins and supplements. For more information about vitamins and supplements, visit //www.everydayhealth.com/diet-nutrition/vitamins-meds.aspx and the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements (. Michelle McDermott, PharmD
Q: What about vitamin E? Where do we stand today and does it still work well with selenium? How does it interact with other vitamins and supplements? How much should be taken and when? What is too much?
A: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that is best known for its antioxidant activity. There has been much interest in supplementing with it to treat and prevent a wide variety of conditions. In recent years, however, there has been some concern that high doses of the supplement may actually cause more harm than good. Early studies suggested that people with higher intakes of vitamin E may have a lower risk for heart problems, but later studies failed to confirm that vitamin E supplementation lowers the risks of such heart problems. Some sources claim that different forms of vitamin E may be better for heart health than others, but there is little scientific evidence to support such claims. At this time, neither the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) nor the American Heart Association (AHA) supports the use of vitamin E for heart health. It is believed that the anti-cancer effects of vitamin E are probably related to its antioxidant activity. There is some concern that high doses of vitamin E (more than 400 IU per day) may interfere with the antioxidant balance in the body, thereby contradicting the effects. For adults older than 18 years, the tolerable maximum dosing for supplementary Vitamin E recommended by the U.S. Institute of Medicine is 1,000 milligrams per day (equivalent to 1,500 IU). Vitamin E may be effective for several uses, but more research is needed before it can be recommended for most uses. Before you use vitamin E (especially high-dose vitamin E) for uses other than general supplementation, it is a good idea to check with your health care provider first. In 2008, a clinical trial by the name of SELECT was done. SELECT stands for the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial, a prevention clinical trial to see if one or both of these dietary supplements prevent prostate cancer. The primary goal of SELECT was to assess the effect of these substances on the number of new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed during routine clinical practice. The trial found that selenium and vitamin E, taken alone or together for an average of 5 and 1/2 years, did not prevent prostate cancer. Lori Mendoza, PharmD Poulin, PharmD
Q: Are there any vitamins that help with oxygen absorption? Or a combination that works together?
A: There are two types of vitamins: fat soluble and water soluble. The fat soluble vitamins are A,D,E, and K and can be stored in the body so build up can become toxic if large doses of these vitamins are consumed. The water soluble vitamins are the B-complex and vitamin C and are not stored very well in the body. Vitamin A helps prevent night blindness and is good for healthy skin and protection against infection. Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption and utilization of calcium in the body. Vitamin E helps transport oxygen to the blood cells and also helps protect the red blood cells. Vitamin K is necessary for normal blood clotting, and it helps maintain liver function. It also aids in the absorption of food in the intestines. Vitamin B complex vitamins (for example, vitamin B2, B12, et cetera) is necessary for a healthy nervous system, skin, appetite, and digestion. Vitamin C is necessary for healthy cells in all parts of the body. Common symptoms of vitamin deficiency are muscle cramps, nerve irritability, fragile bones, exhaustion, depression, poor appetite, constipation, skin disorders, and insomnia. If an individual's diet is found to be adequate, the person does not need vitamin supplements. Many multivitamins also contain minerals important in the diet. Iron is a mineral that is needed to help red blood cells deliver oxygen to the rest of the body. Chromium helps the body regulate metabolism, and regulate insulin and blood sugar levels. According to new research, Germanium is a new discovery the raises activity of various organs and facilitates oxygen levels. Research is still being done on Germanium but it is thought to be found in garlic, shiitake mushrooms, and healing herbs. Magnesium is another mineral that aids in relaxing nerves, assisting digestion, and activating enzymes important for protein and carbohydrate metabolism. Selenium is an essential trace element that works with Vitamin E in metabolic functions and promotes normal body growth and encourages tissue elasticity. Selenium is needed for the functioning of heart muscle and thought to possibly fight cancer. Zinc is needed for normal growth and development of the body's tissue and the synthesis of DNA. Most individuals consume adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals in their daily diet unless a deficiency is detected. Individuals with poor appetites can usually successfully fulfill their vitamin and mineral needs through a daily multivitamin. Kimberly Hotz,PharmD.
Q: I take Diovan 320mg and I have angina. Can I take vitamin E, too?
A: Diovan (valsartan) (//www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/diovan) is in the class of medications called angiotension II receptor blockers (ARBs) used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. Diovan works by preventing the blood vessels from narrowing and improving blood flow. Vitamin E is sold as a dietary supplement that is used for Vitamin E deficiency and possibly other purposes. Because dietary supplements (e.g., vitamin E) have not been thoroughly studied in the clinical setting, possible side effects and interactions with other drugs are not well known. Also, because herbs and supplements are not strictly regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, these products are not required to be tested for effectiveness, purity, or safety. In general, dietary supplements should only be taken under the supervision of your health care provider. Kimberly Hotz, PharmD
Q: Are vitamin E soft gels and omega-3 soft gels the same thing?
A: The two products are not the same. They contain different dietary/nutritional supplements. Vitamin E soft gels contain tocopherol (the chemical name for vitamin E), which is a fat-soluble antioxidant. Omega-3 soft gels contain omega-3 fatty acids, sometimes called fish oils. Omega-3s have been shown to be good for heart health and reduction of cholesterol. Michelle McDermott, PharmD
Q: Every morning I am weak when I wake up. Should I take vitamin E? Also I drink two cups of coffee, but it doesn?€™t help me to feel more energy.
A: Vitamin E is an over-the-counter dietary supplement used to treat vitamin E deficiency. Vitamin E is also found in foods such as vegetable oils and shortening, meat, eggs, milk, and leafy vegetables. Vitamin E is important for many processes in the body. Common side effects associated with vitamin E (especially with large doses or prolonged use) include fatigue, weakness, headache, nausea, blurred vision, gas, and diarrhea. This is not a complete list of side effects. For more information on vitamin E, visit our Web site //www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/vitamin-e . Please consult with your health care provider regarding the symptoms you are experiencing. Jennifer Carey, PharmD
Q: Is it safe to take a vitamin E supplement during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy? I've read that it might help minimize varicose veins.
A: You should consult your physician about the use of a vitamin E supplement during pregnancy. Keep in mind the amount of vitamin E that you typically receive from your diet and from any other vitamins that you make take. Derek Dore, PharmD
Q: Where can I find tocotrienol vitamin E? In what store can I find it, and does it really work to lower cholesterol?
A: First of all, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), although vitamin E exists in several chemical forms, alpha-tocopherol is the only form that actually meets recommended daily requirements for humans. So if your doctor has recommended that you take vitamin E, you may want to discuss switching to alpha-tocopherol. Vitamin E can be purchased in most drug stores or local pharmacies as well as health food stores. Is it effective to lower cholesterol? Studies have not provided conclusive evidence that daily use of vitamin E supplements helps to prevent heart disease or reduce complications that contribute to heart disease such as high cholesterol. On the other hand, research has found that high doses of vitamin E supplements can actually be harmful to the body (it can cause bleeding), while vitamin E obtained from a well-balanced diet may be more beneficial. This is why the American Heart Association recommends that vitamin E be obtained from food sources, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, rather than supplements. If you are concerned about your cholesterol, it is recommended that you discuss options such as diet changes and lifestyle modifications with your doctor and possibly adding medications that are approved for treating high cholesterol if deemed necessary. //www.everydayhealth.com/drugs/vitamin-e, //ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminE-HealthProfessional/ and //www.everydayhealth.com/high-cholesterol/guide/. Leslie Ako-Mbo, PharmD
Q: My husband is 74 and has type 2 diabetes. How much vitamin E should he take daily?
A: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that works as an antioxidant. Antioxidants protect the body's cells from damage by molecules called free radicals. Vitamin E is found in nuts, seeds, and oils, including sunflower, soybean, canola, corn, peanut, and vegetable oils. Green leafy vegetables, wheat germ, broccoli, tomatoes, and fortified foods are also good sources of vitamin E. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin E for an adult male is 15 mg or 22.4 IU per day. Vitamin E deficiencies are rare in the U.S. and mainly affect people with fat absorption disorders, such as Crohn's Disease or cystic fibrosis. The best way to get enough vitamins and minerals in your diet is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of foods. This means including foods from all of the essential food groups as described in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) food pyramid. However, in some cases, supplementation is necessary. Talk to your doctor about whether vitamin E supplementation is needed. It is possible to get too much vitamin E, which can be dangerous. Symptoms of too much vitamin E can include unusual bruising or bleeding. If you think you have taken too much vitamin E, seek emergency medical attention or call Poison Help at 1-800-222-1222. Sarah Lewis, PharmD
Q: Is vitamin E bad for the heart?
A: Vitamin E is an antioxidant that occurs naturally in foods such as nuts, seeds, and leafy green vegetables. Antioxidants protect cells against damage from molecules called free radicals. Free radical damage to cells may contribute to heart disease and cancer. So, many people take vitamin E to help prevent these diseases. Vitamin E is important for many processes in the body. It is also involved in the proper functioning of the immune system and metabolic processes. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin E for an adult female is 15 mg or 22.4 IU. Common side effects of vitamin E include nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps, tiredness, headache, and blurred vision. It is possible to take too much vitamin E, which can be dangerous. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222 if you think you have taken too much vitamin E. Your doctor is best able to guide your treatment decisions based on your specific circumstances. Consult your doctor about your need for vitamin E. Always read and follow the complete directions and warnings on over-the-counter products and discuss their use with your doctor before taking them. When looking for supplements, check to see that the bottle has a USP (United States Pharmacopeia) or DSVP (Dietary Supplement Verification Program) stamp. These organizations assure that the content claims on the label are true. Sarah Lewis, PharmD
Q: Is 1000 IU of vitamin E per day, as a natural supplement, dangerous? I am a 52 year old male.
A: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that works as an antioxidant in the body, protecting it from free radicals that come from the food we eat and the environment. The body also uses vitamin E to support the immune system. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the recommended average daily intakes for men and women older than 50 years of age are 15 mg or 22.4 IU. Vitamin E-only supplements usually contain 100 to 1,000 IU per pill. These large doses are used by people who believe that the antioxidant effects will protect them from certain diseases. Unfortunately, the use of vitamin E to prevent heart disease, cancer, or eye problems, such as macular degeneration, has not been proven in scientific studies. The risk of taking too much vitamin E is bleeding, including bleeding in the brain (also called a hemorrhagic stroke). These side effects generally occur at dosages greater than 1,100 IU per day. Vitamin E also interacts with various prescription medications, especially blood thinners. It is important to tell your healthcare provider about all dietary supplements, including vitamins, minerals, and herbals, that you take. Some products can interact with other medications or medical conditions you have. If possible, use one pharmacy for all your prescription medications and over-the-counter products. This allows your pharmacist to keep a complete record of all your prescription drugs and to advise you about drug interactions and side effects. For more specific information, consult with your doctor or pharmacist for guidance based on your health status and current medications, particularly before taking any action.
Video: i Apply Vitamin E oil on my Face & look what happened, crystal clear skin, spotless skin, Dark Spots
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